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7

3 PEOPLE AND SOCIETY

German, Irish and English Americans are the

three largest European ancestry groups in

Texas. There are roughly 600,000 French

Americans and 472,000 Italian Americans

residing in Texas; these two ethnic groups

make up 2.5 per cent and 2.0 per cent of the

population respectively. There are nearly

200,000 Czech-Americans living in Texas, the

largest number of any state. African Ame­

ricans are the largest racial minority in Texas.

Languages:

The most common accent and/

or dialect spoken by natives throughout

Texas is sometimes referred to as Texan

English, which itself is a sub-variety of a

broader category of American English known

as Southern American English. In some

areas of the state—particularly in the large

cities–Western American English and Gene­

ral American English have been on the

increase. Chicano English—due to a growing

Hispanic population—is widespread in South

Texas, while African American Vernacular

English is especially notable in historically

minority areas of urban Texas.

Religions:

The largest denominations by

number of adherents in 2010 were the fol­

lowing:

Roman Catholic Church (4,673,500)

Southern Baptist Convention (3,721,318)

United Methodist Church with (1,035,168)

Islam (421,972)

Population:

Growing population of over

26.9 million residents (July 2014).

Table 3: Top 10 Non-English languages spoken in Texas

Language

% of population (as of 2010)

Spanish

29.21%

Vietnamese

0.75%

Chinese (including Mandarin and Cantonese)

0.56%

German

0.33%

Tagalog

0.29%

French

0.25%

Korean and Urdu (tied)

0.24%

Hindi

0.23%

Arabic

0.21%

Niger-Congo languages of West Africa (Ibo, Kru and Yoruba)

0.15%