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6

Texas. Snow rarely falls south of San Antonio

or on the coast except in rare circumstances.

Maximum temperatures in the summer

months average from the 26°C in the moun­

tains of West Texas and on Galveston Island

to around 38°C in the Rio Grande Valley, but

most areas of Texas see consistent summer

high temperatures in the 32°C range.

Night-time summer temperatures range from

the upper 14°C in the West Texas Mountains

to 27°C in Galveston.

Thunderstorms strike Texas often, especially

the eastern and northern portions of the

state. Tornado Alley covers the northern sec­

tion of Texas. The state experiences the most

tornadoes in the US, an average of 139 a

year. They occur most frequently in North

Texas and the Panhandle. Tornadoes in

Texas generally occur in the months of April,

May and June.

Terrain:

Due to its size and geologic features

such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains

diverse landscapes that resemble both the

American South and Southwest. Although

Texas is popularly associated with the south-

western deserts, less than 10 per cent of the

land area is desert. Most of the population

centres are located in areas of former prai­

ries, grasslands, forests and the coastline.

Traveling from east to west, one can observe

terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and

pine woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills

and finally the desert and mountains of the

Big Bend.

Natural resources:

Texas has 3,700 named

streams and 15 major rivers, with the Rio

Grande as the largest. Other major rivers

include the Pecos, the Brazos, Colorado and

Red River, which forms the border with Okla­

homa. While Texas has few natural lakes,

Texans have built over 100 artificial reservoirs.

Table 2: Ethnic groups

2

Texas

US

White alone, per cent, 2013

80.3%

77.7%

Black or African American alone, per cent, 2013

12.4%

13.2%

American Indian and Alaska Native alone, per cent, 2013

1.0%

1.2%

Asian alone, per cent, 2013

4.3%

5.3%

Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, per cent, 2013

0.1%

0.2%

Two or More Races, per cent, 2013

1.8%

2.4%

Hispanic or Latino, per cent, 2013

38.4%

17.1%

White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, per cent, 2013

44.0%

62.6%

Living in same house 1 year & over, per cent, 2009-2013

82.8%

84.9%

Foreign born persons, per cent, 2009-2013

16.3%

12.9%