Because the role of origin is so important, an origin control system has for many
years been in place in the traditional winelands of Europe, to protect both the
producer and consumer.
The two factors which play the most important role
in determining the character and quality of a wine, is nature (soil, climate and
location) and the human hand (cultivar choice, viticultural practices and winemaking
techniques). Of these two, nature is considered to be the more important factor
with a greater influence. In certain areas the vine grows better and within the
South African wine producing areas, there are differences in soil, climate and location
which causes wines to differ from region to region.
If a wine claims origin,
it is the statutory regulations which ensure that the wine really is from that origin.
the term “Wine of Origin” or the abbreviation "W.O." appears together
with the name of a production area, such as Stellenbosch, Durbanville or Robertson
on a label, it confirms that 100% of the grapes from which the wine is made, comes
from that specific area.